The Ecological Citizen

A free-to-access publication confronting human supremacy in defence of the Earth



What is Deep Ecology? (A definition)


Deep Ecology is an ecological philosophy informed by a concern for all life, and the realization that previous philosophies looked at only human desires when considering the environment. Deep Ecology changes the focus from solely human wants and needs to that of all life. It looked 'deeper' into the processes of life on Earth than had been done previously.

In the early to mid-1980s, Arne Naess developed the powerful Eight Points of Deep Ecology and which anyone interested in Deep Ecology must consult. Since the original version is life centered, or biocentric, in that it considers only the interests of life as opposed to those of the Earth, this version shows the first four points in two forms, the first in the original and the second in an ecocentric form. The last four points of the original are already ecocentric.

Since Deep Ecology was a radical departure from previous philosophies, it had some detractors who badmouthed it, in error, as being misanthropic. In reality, it added all the rest of life to our focus of concern, and did not exclude humans. Slowly, ecocentrism, with its focus on the Earth and all Her life, has developed out of Deep Ecology, and, for many people, succeeded it.



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