The Ecological Citizen

A free-to-access publication confronting human supremacy in defence of the Earth


Long article

Wild democracy: A biodiversity of resistance and renewal

Samuel Alexander, Peter Burdon

The Ecological Citizen Vol 1 No 1 2017: 45–54

Share via browser:    |    | 

Read article on

 Access PDF of article

First published: 1 July 2017  |  Permanent URL  |  Download citation in RIS format


Might the theory and practice of liberal representative democracy need to be rethought in and for the 'Anthropocene'? What resources are available when trying to orientate oneself in radical political space today? In this paper, the authors draw on varieties of anarchism and Marxism to develop a new, ecocentric political sensibility and practice, which they call 'wild democracy'. Calling for a 'biodiversity of resistance and renewal', this signifies an eco-egalitarian politics that privileges grassroots participation over parliamentary representation, with the aim of transcending capitalism and initiating a degrowth process of planned economic contraction. Focusing attention beyond the ballot box, this analysis attempts to rethink the meaning of political participation in an age of ecological crisis and deepen the understanding of what it means to be an ecological citizen today.



Anarchism, Eco-anarchism, Eco-socialism, Marxism, Societal change